Camera and Lens Terminology

Camera and Lens Terminology

If you’re starting out in Photography or just looking at upgrading sometimes it is challenging to understand all those abbreviations referenced about camera or lens specs. What about reading a blog on specific topics about camera gear and find many abbreviations throughout the article?  Well, I put together a brief list of those definitions here that hopefully will shed some light on it and make for easier understanding.

Keep in mind this is not complete but they are many of the most common.  Enjoy:

A

  • AE – Automatic Exposure
  • AE-L – Automatic Exposure Lock
  • AF – Autofocus
  • AF-A – Area Autofocus (Nikon)
  • AF-C – Continuous Autofocus (Nikon)
  • AF-S – Single Autofocus (Nikon)
  • AFS – Silent Autofocus
  • AV – Aperture Priority (Canon)
  • – Aperture Priority (Nikon)

B

  • B – Bulb
  • B&W – Black and White

C

  • CF – Compact Flash (a memory card format)
  • CMYK – Cyan, Magenta, Yellow Black
  • CWB – Custom White Balance

D

  • DOF – Depth of Field
  • DNG – Digital Negative Graphic
  • DPI – Dots per Inch
  • DSLR – Digital Single Lens Reflex
  • DX – Crop Sensor Format

E

  • ED – Extra Low Dispersion Glass
  • EF – Electronic Focus
  • EF – Canon Full Frame Sensor Format Lenses
  • EF-S – Canon Crop Sensor Format Lenses
  • EV – Exposure Value
  • EVF – Electronic Viewfinder
  • EXIF – Exchangeable Image File Format

F

  • FF – Full Frame
  • FOV – Field of View
  • FPS – Frames per Second
  • FX – Full Frame Format

G

  • GB – Gigabyte
  • GIF – Graphics Interchange Format

H

  • HDR – High Dynamic Range
  • HFD – Hyperfocal Distance
  • HSM – Hyper Sonic Motor (the same as USM, but for Sigma)
  • HSS – High Speed Sync

I

  • IF – Internal Focusing
  • IPTC – International Press Telecommunications Council
  • IR – Infrared
  • IS – Image Stabilisation
  • ISO – International Standards Organisation
  • IQ – Image Quality

J

  • JPG or JPEG – Joint Photographic Experts Group

K

  • KB – Kilobyte

L

  • LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
  • LED – Light Emitting Diode
  • LR – Adobe Lightroom
  • LTE – Long Time Exposure

M

  • M – Manual
  • MB – Megabyte
  • MF – Manual Focus
  • MLU – Mirror Lock-up
  • MUP – Mirror Lock-up (Nikon)
  • MP – Megapixels

N

  • ND Filters – Neutral Density Filters
  • NR – Noise Reduction

O

  • OCF – Off Camera Flash
  • OCR – Optical Character Recognition
  • OEM – Original Equipment Manufacturer
  • OOC – Out of Camera
  • OOF – Out of Focus
  • OVF – Optical Viewfinder
  • OZ – Optical Zoom

P

  • – Programmed Autoexposure
  • PNG – Portable Network Graphics
  • PP – Post Processing
  • PPI – Pixels per Inch
  • PQ – Picture Quality
  • PS – Adobe Photoshop
  • PSE – Adobe Photoshop Elements

R

  • RGB – Red, Green, Blue

S

  • SD – Secure Digital (a memory card format)
  • SDHC – Secure Digital High Capacity (a memory card format)
  • SLR – Single Lens Reflex (same as DSLR, but referring only to film cameras)
  • SP or S – Shutter Priority
  • sRGB – Standard RGB Colour Space
  • SS – Shutter Speed
  • SWM – Silent Wave Motor

T

  • TB – Terabyte
  • TC – Teleconverter
  • TIFF or TIF – Tagged Image File Format
  • TOG – Photographer
  • TV – Time Value (Shutter priority mode for Canon and other brands)

U

  • USB – Universal Serial Bus
  • UWA – Ultra Wide-angle

V

  • VR – Vibration Reduction

W

  • WA – Wide-angle
  • WB – White Balance

X

  • XQD – XQD (a memory card format)

 

Thanks for reading…  🙂

 

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